How to Grow Seeds for Microgreens? Seed Selection and Germination

HomeGrowingHow to Grow Seeds for Microgreens? Seed Selection and Germination

Growing seeds for microgreens involves planting them in a suitable growing medium, such as soil or a hydroponic system. Ensure the medium is well-draining and contains essential nutrients for healthy growth. Maintain proper moisture levels and provide adequate light to facilitate germination and development. With patience and care, you will soon enjoy a bountiful harvest of vibrant microgreens.

Select Your Seeds

You’ll want to pick out the perfect seeds for your microgreens – there’s a wide variety, so take your time and choose wisely! When it comes to seed varieties, you can pick from a variety of vegetables, herbs, or even grains. Some popular options include broccoli, kale, beets, radish, amaranth, and quinoa. All of these are easy to grow and make great microgreens.

You should also consider what type of soil you’ll use when growing your microgreens. For example, some seeds may do better in nutrient-rich soils while others need more moisture to flourish. Consider the environmental conditions in which you plan to grow your microgreens as well—is it a sunny spot or indoors? If planting outdoors, make sure you select seeds that are adapted to that environment.

Once you’ve chosen the right soil for your microgreen seeds, it’s time to get started! Make sure the soil is damp but not flooded; this helps prevent mold growth and root rot. Then spread the seeds evenly over the surface and gently press them into the soil with your hands. Be careful not to over-water or compact the soil too much as this can inhibit germination of the tiny seedlings. Depending on what type of seed you chose, they may need light exposure for germination, so check their specific needs before planting them in covered containers where they won’t have access to light sources needed for sprouting.

Your next step is determining how best to water your newly planted microgreens without overwatering them. This is an important step because too much water can lead to mold growth or root rot while not enough water can stunt their growth and cause wilting leaves, which means less nutritious produce for harvest day! Investing in a spray bottle with adjustable settings is recommended when watering delicate plants such as microgreens as it allows for precise control over how much water gets distributed at once without causing any damage due to oversaturation or improper hydration levels overall.

Finally, don’t forget about temperature requirements either – different types of seedlings prefer different temperatures depending on their physiological characteristics, so pay attention when selecting varieties and setting up optimal conditions within whatever container or space they’re being grown in order to ensure healthy growth all season long!

Prepare Your Growing Containers

Before you get started, prepare your growing containers with the right materials – and make sure to use organic soil or hydroponic medium, as this will help your microgreens thrive. In fact, one study found that organic soil could increase yields by up to 20%.

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Depending on your chosen method of growing, you’ll need to select different types of containers. If you’re planting in soil, terra cotta pots are a great choice for microgreens. These porous pots allow for better water absorption than plastic or ceramic varieties. If you plan on using a hydroponic system instead, opt for plastic trays or tubs – they’re lightweight and easy to move around.

Whichever type of container you choose, make sure it is clean and free of any debris before filling it with your chosen material. To ensure optimal growth conditions for your microgreens, pre-moisten the soil or hydroponic medium before adding it into the container – this will help reduce the risk of root shock when transplanting later on.

Additionally, if planting in soil, be sure to select an organic variety that doesn’t contain any potentially harmful chemicals. This is especially important if you plan on consuming your crop! It can also be beneficial to add some extra nutrients into the mix before planting – such as compost or manure – as they will boost germination rates and provide essential minerals for healthy growth during the early stages.

Furthermore, make sure there is adequate drainage at the base of each container. This can be achieved by adding gravel or perlite (or a combination) at the bottom layer depending on what type of material you’re using.

Finally, don’t forget to label each container with its contents so that you know which ones have been planted already. This will save time and confusion later down the line! With all preparation taken care of, now all that’s left is to get started planting those seeds!

Plant the Seeds

Now it’s time to plant those tiny seeds and watch them thrive! When selecting soil for planting microgreens, consider using a mix of high-quality organic potting soil, compost or other nutrient-rich materials. For hydroponic microgreen systems, use a sterile growing medium such as rockwool or coconut coir.

When planting the seeds, there are two main techniques: sprinkle seeding and row seeding. Sprinkle seeding is suitable for small batches and involves sprinkling the seeds over the surface of the soil or growing medium and then lightly pressing them into place with your hands. Row seeding involves planting seeds in straight rows with an even spacing of about 1/4 inch (6 mm) apart. This method is preferable when growing larger amounts of microgreens.

Both methods require thorough watering after planting to ensure good seed germination rates.

Once planted, cover the soil with a layer of vermiculite to help keep it moist and retain heat during germination. You may also want to cover the container with plastic wrap or a humidity dome to create an ideal environment for germination until you begin seeing sprouts emerge from the soil surface – this typically takes around five days but can vary depending on temperature, light levels and type of seed used.

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To help promote healthy growth once sprouts appear, provide plenty of indirect sunlight or grow lights at least 14 hours a day; water regularly but be careful not to overwater; thin out any overcrowding if needed; harvest when plants reach desired height (2-3 inches).

With these steps in mind, you’re well on your way to harvesting delicious homegrown microgreens!

Provide Water and Light

To ensure your microgreens thrive, give them plenty of indirect sunlight or grow lights and water regularly. When planning out a watering schedule, start by checking the soil’s moisture levels every day. If it feels dry to the touch, it’s time to water. When you do water, be sure not to over-water – this can lead to root rot and other issues. Aim for moist but not soggy soil when watering your microgreens.

Additionally, as you create your watering schedule, keep in mind that different types of microgreens may require different amounts of water depending on their size and growth rate. When providing light for your microgreens, make sure they get at least 12 hours of indirect light per day from either natural sunlight or artificial grow lights. You want to avoid direct sunlight as this could cause the plants to become too hot and die off quickly.

Furthermore, if using artificial lighting, make sure the intensity is set correctly so that it is strong enough for growth but not too bright, as this will cause burning or discoloration in some cases. You should also consider rotating your containers every few days so that each side gets equal exposure to light during its growth cycle – this helps keep all sides even and ensures the plants grow properly without becoming lopsided or misshapen due to unequal light exposure.

Additionally, if growing indoors, you may need supplemental lighting at night to guarantee 12 hours of total daily light exposure – especially during winter months when there are fewer daylight hours available naturally outdoors. Finally, always monitor how much water is being used on a daily basis and adjust accordingly based on soil moisture levels as well as changes in temperature or humidity – these factors can have an impact on how much water needs to be given each day, so pay attention! With proper care and maintenance, you can ensure healthy growth for your microgreens crop!

Monitor Growth

Monitor your microgreen crop’s growth like a hawk, watching over it as it blossoms from an unassuming seed into a vibrant garden of green. There are several techniques you can use to monitor your crop’s progress, such as checking for growth daily or weekly and keeping track of environmental conditions.

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Monitoring the progress of your microgreens is essential in order to ensure they reach their full potential. Here are some things that you should be on the lookout for:

  • Observe the leaves for signs of yellowing, wilting or discoloration; this could indicate a nutrient deficiency or disease.
  • Look out for pest infestations such as aphids, mites, and slugs; these can stunt plant growth and spread diseases.
  • Check the soil moisture levels to make sure there is enough water available for optimal growth.

Always take note of any changes in the environment that may affect your plants, including temperature fluctuations, humidity levels, and light exposure. If needed, adjust any growing conditions accordingly so that your plants remain healthy and continue to thrive.

Pay close attention to how quickly (or slowly) they are growing and look out for any signs that something isn’t right. Taking regular measurements will help you identify problems before they become too big to manage easily.

With careful monitoring and diligent care, you’ll be able to enjoy a successful harvest of microgreens!

Harvest and Enjoy!

Once your microgreens have reached maturity, it’s time to harvest and enjoy! Did you know that a single tray of microgreens can provide up to six times more nutrients than the same amount of mature vegetables? So don’t wait any longer—it’s time to reap the rewards of your hard work!

Harvesting tips for microgreens are simple. Use clean scissors or a sharp knife to cut the greens off at soil level. Be careful not to damage the roots as they’re an important source of nutrition for your plants. You can also use a small spade or trowel if necessary. After harvesting, give them one final rinse in cold water before consuming them.

You’ll be amazed by how much flavor your freshly harvested microgreens will add to dishes. Microgreens pair perfectly with salads, sandwiches, soups, smoothies, and much more! Try experimenting with different flavor combinations and see what you like best. For example, try mixing radish greens with cilantro for an added kick of spice or combine pea shoots with mint for a refreshing burst of flavor.

When properly cared for, you can expect your microgreen crop to last between two and three weeks when stored in the refrigerator in a sealed container or baggie.

Enjoy using them fresh from harvest until then!

Kathy Turner
Kathy Turner
Kathy Turner is the founder of, a popular blog dedicated to helping people become master microgreen growers. Kathy is passionate about helping others learn how to grow the healthiest, most nutrient-rich microgreens. She believes that with the right knowledge and resources, anyone can become a successful microgreen grower. Learn more about Kathy by viewing her full Author Profile.

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