Growing Microgreens in a Basement: Fresh Greens Below Ground

HomeGrowingGrowing Microgreens in a Basement: Fresh Greens Below Ground

Growing microgreens in a basement: Growing microgreens in a basement can be a practical and space-saving solution. However, it requires proper temperature and humidity control to ensure healthy growth. Invest in a thermometer and hygrometer to monitor the conditions in your basement. Supplemental lighting, such as fluorescent or LED grow lights, will be necessary to provide adequate light for the microgreens. Choose a cool-season variety that thrives in lower temperatures for best results.


Before you dive into growing microgreens in your basement, it’s important to prepare your space for optimal growth. That means getting the temperature and humidity just right, as well as adding supplemental lighting.

To help ensure your microgreens grow successfully, consider how best to utilize the space in your basement and take steps to maintain a consistent temperature and humidity level. Investing in a quality soil is also essential. Look for one with organic material that will provide excellent drainage while still allowing air circulation around the roots of your microgreens.

If there isn’t enough natural light available, you may need to invest in supplemental lighting fixtures. This will ensure that plants receive the adequate amount of sunlight they need to thrive.

Finally, be sure to keep an eye on possible pests or diseases that can harm your plants. Act quickly if you see signs of infestation or infection so you can prevent further damage from occurring.

Choosing the Seeds

Choosing the right seeds is key to creating a lush, vibrant crop of microgreens in your basement. When selecting seeds, it’s important to choose those that are certified organic and non-GMO, as they’ll provide you with the best quality results.

Additionally, make sure to select seeds that are small enough to be grown in shallow soil or on ledges within your growing space; this will reduce the amount of time and effort required for soil preparation. Take into account the size of the mature plant when making seed selection decisions. For instance, if there’s limited vertical space available in your basement grow area, opt for smaller varieties like arugula or kale instead of larger ones such as broccoli or Swiss chard.

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Lastly, consider how quickly you’d like your microgreens to grow – some types may be ready in just a couple of weeks while others may take up to a month or more. With careful consideration of these factors when selecting your seeds, you can ensure successful growth and healthy harvests from your basement microgreen garden.

Planting and Germination

Once you’ve chosen your seeds, it’s time to get those microgreens sprouting – and that means creating the perfect environment for germination. The success of your microgreens project will depend on the soil quality and container selection used to plant them.

If you’re growing in a basement, it’s important to find containers with drainage holes at the bottom so that excess water can flow out. You’ll also need to make sure that your soil is properly aerated for optimal root growth.

The second step in planting and germination is finding an area of your basement with adequate temperature and humidity levels. It’s best to keep the temperature between 65-75°F (18-24°C) during the day, and slightly cooler at night. Humidity should be kept around 70%, but this may vary depending on the type of microgreen you’re growing.

To ensure proper humidity levels, consider investing in a hygrometer or humidifier if needed. Finally, supplemental lighting may be necessary if there is not enough natural light in your basement where your plants are located. If possible, try setting up fluorescent grow lights close to or above the seedlings for 12-16 hours per day – this will help promote healthy growth without burning or bleaching them from too much sunlight exposure.

Make sure to use a timer so that they receive consistent light throughout their growing cycle! To ensure successful germination of your microgreens, it’s important to monitor temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions regularly throughout their growth period – this will help guarantee maximum yield with vibrant colors!

Water and Nutrient Requirements

To keep your microgreens thriving, you’ll need to provide the right amount of water and nutrients. The soil quality for growing microgreens in a basement should be light and airy, with good drainage, so that it can hold moisture while allowing excess water to drain away.

When planting your seeds, make sure the soil is moist but not overly wet – soggy soil can lead to root rot and other issues. To achieve the optimal nutrient balance for your microgreens, use a liquid fertilizer or compost tea diluted to one-quarter strength every two weeks. Avoid using any synthetic fertilizers as they can disrupt the delicate balance of microbes in the soil.

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You’ll also need to ensure that there’s adequate humidity for your plants by misting them regularly with a fine spray bottle filled with filtered water; this will help maintain an even temperature throughout your growing environment. Additionally, if you’re using supplemental lighting indoors such as LED grow lights or fluorescent bulbs, be sure not to leave them on too long as this could cause drying out of the soil over time.

If you want to maximize growth potential for your microgreens without compromising their flavor or nutritional value, aim to keep soil temperatures between 65°F and 75°F during the day and 55°F at night. This temperature range will help promote healthy germination rates while reducing stress on seedlings due to extreme fluctuations in temperature.

Lastly, it’s important that you avoid overwatering – too much moisture in combination with poor air circulation can damage roots and stunt growth. Instead, opt for watering little and often so that moisture levels stay consistent without becoming excessive.

Temperature and Humidity Control

You must maintain a stable temperature and humidity level to keep your microgreens thriving, or else risk seeing their growth skyrocket out of control!

The ideal temperature range for microgreens is between 16-22°C (60-72°F). Anything outside of this range can cause the plants to become stressed.

Humidity levels should remain at 40%-70% relative humidity. If it’s too low, they won’t grow as quickly; if it’s too high, there’s a risk of mold and mildew forming on the leaves.

Air circulation is also important for keeping temperatures in check. You should ensure that there’s adequate air flow around the plants – this helps avoid large fluctuations in temperature which can damage or stunt growth. A fan or ventilation system can help with this.

Lastly, make sure to monitor and adjust your temperature and humidity levels regularly as needed – you may need to open windows or bring in humidifiers depending on the conditions in your basement.

Taking these steps will help ensure that your microgreens are able to thrive even when grown in less than ideal conditions such as those found in a basement setting!

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Supplemental Lighting

When growing microgreens in a basement, supplemental lighting is key. You must choose the right lights and establish a lighting schedule to ensure healthy growth. LED or fluorescent grow lamps emit the optimal amount of light for microgreens, while also providing the necessary spectrum for photosynthesis.

Setting up your lights on a timer will allow you to control how much light your plants receive throughout the day and night cycle, giving them exactly what they need to thrive.

Choosing the Right Lights

Choosing the right lights for your microgreens is key to their success – it’s a crucial step that shouldn’t be overlooked.

When selecting lights, consider the spectrum of light, intensity, and duration needed for healthy growth.

Generally speaking, fluorescent lighting or high-intensity LED lamps are good choices for growing microgreens in a basement.

Fluorescent bulbs should be placed about 8-12 inches away from the top of the plants and should be kept on for 14-16 hours per day.

High-intensity LED lamps can also provide enough light but should be placed closer to the plant – usually within 2-4 inches from the top of the plants – and left on up to 18 hours daily.

Remember that harvesting techniques and proper plant care play an important role in successful microgreen production as well, so make sure you understand these basics before starting your project!

Establishing a Lighting Schedule

Now that you’ve chosen the right lights for your basement microgreen setup, it’s important to establish a lighting schedule.

To ensure healthy growth and successful harvests, it’s essential to consider temperature, humidity, and light intensity when creating a plan.

For optimal light exposure, the lights should be on for 12-16 hours per day with a minimum of 8 hours of darkness in between cycles.

During this dark period, it’s best to lower the room temperature and increase the humidity levels for pest management purposes. This will also help create an environment that mimics natural daylight cycles more closely.

Kathy Turner
Kathy Turner
Kathy Turner is the founder of, a popular blog dedicated to helping people become master microgreen growers. Kathy is passionate about helping others learn how to grow the healthiest, most nutrient-rich microgreens. She believes that with the right knowledge and resources, anyone can become a successful microgreen grower. Learn more about Kathy by viewing her full Author Profile.

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