Different Kinds of Microgreens: A Guide to Popular Varieties

HomeGrowingDifferent Kinds of Microgreens: A Guide to Popular Varieties

Quick Answer:
There are many different types of microgreens available, including sunflower, pea shoots, radish, arugula, broccoli, and kohlrabi. Each type of microgreen has its own unique flavor and nutritional profile, and the best microgreens to grow will depend on personal preference and local market demand.

Have you ever wondered what microgreens are? Microgreens have become increasingly popular as a nutritious, flavorful addition to salads, sandwiches and other dishes. But do you know the different types of microgreens available for your kitchen creations? In this article, we’ll explore the different kinds of microgreens and why they’re so popular among chefs and health-conscious eaters alike.

Microgreens are young seedlings — usually harvested between 1 and 3 inches tall — that come in an array of colors, flavors and textures. Different types of seeds can be used to grow them, including kale, radish, mustard greens and more. While their size may be small compared to fully grown vegetables like broccoli or carrots, don’t let that fool you. These little guys pack a flavor punch far greater than their size would suggest!

What’s more is that these tiny greens boast nutrient levels higher than those found in mature plants by up to 40 times! That makes them an ideal choice for adding extra nutritional value to any dish without compromising on taste or texture. So if you’re looking for new ways to spruce up your meals with freshness and flavor, read on for all the details about various types of microgreens.

Types Of Microgreens

Microgreens are a type of edible vegetable that is harvested from the seedling stage. They can be grown indoors or outdoors and make for an interesting addition to any meal. There are many different kinds of microgreens available, each with their own unique flavor and texture. Here are some of the most popular types:

  1. Red Amaranth: This variety has dark leaves with red-tinged edges and stems, giving it a distinctive look in salads and sandwiches. The taste is earthy yet slightly sweet.
  2. Sunflower Shoots: These small shoots have bright yellow petals surrounding pale green centers and a mild nutty flavor when eaten fresh or cooked.
  3. Pea Shoots: With its delicate leaves and tendrils, pea shoots offer up a mildly sweet pea flavor that pairs well with other greens like kale or spinach in salads or stir fries.
  4. Radish Greens: Featuring deep purple foliage with white veins, radish greens provide a peppery bite when eaten raw in salads or sautéed as a side dish.
  5. Basil Sprouts: These tender sprouts add vibrant color to dishes along with their signature basil aroma and taste which works especially well in pesto sauces or added to soups for extra zestiness.
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With so many options available, there’s something for everyone who wants to experience the deliciousness of microgreens! Transitioning into the next section, these microgreen varieties all require specific growing requirements in order to reach maturity successfully – and for that reason, it’s important to know what those needs are before beginning a harvest.

Growing Requirements

Did you know that microgreens are grown for 14-21 days after sowing? It’s true, and learning the growing requirements of these mini greens is essential to ensure their success.

Light Requirements: Microgreens need a lot of light to grow properly. A sunny window or supplemental lighting system will help them thrive. They should be exposed to about 8 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Soil Type: For successful growth, microgreens require well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter such as compost. The pH level should also be tested prior to planting, as some types may do better in acidic soils than others.

Sowing Techniques & Watering Methods: Seeds should always be planted according to package instructions and watered frequently during the germination process. Avoid over-watering, which can cause root rot, and use lukewarm water when watering your plants. Additionally, keep an eye on temperature ranges; most microgreens prefer temperatures between 70°F and 75°F (21–24 °C).

With all these factors taken into account, growers can look forward to a bountiful harvest of tasty microgreens! With proper care and attention they’ll soon reach maturity – ready to enjoy the nutritional benefits they provide!

Nutritional Benefits

Microgreens are packed with nutrition and provide a variety of vitamins, minerals, proteins, antioxidants and dietary fibers. They are especially rich in Vitamin C, carotenoids, folic acid and other B-complex Vitamins. The nutrient content varies from one type to another but all microgreens contain beneficial plant compounds that have numerous health benefits. For instance, broccoli microgreens are particularly high in glucosinolates which act as natural cancer fighters. Pea microgreens are also protein-packed while arugula is mineral-rich in calcium and iron.

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Cress is an excellent source of chlorophyll which helps protect against oxidative stress damage caused by free radicals. Radish microgreens are antioxidant-rich due to the presence of phenols like flavonoids and anthocyanins. Sunflower greens are fiber-rich and contain lignans that help reduce inflammation in the body. All these nutritional components make microgreens a valuable addition to any diet for promoting good health.

Incorporating them into your daily meals can be done easily through salads or sandwiches or even as garnishes on top of dishes.

Uses In Cooking

Now that we have explored the nutritional benefits of microgreens, let’s look at their culinary uses. Microgreens are a great addition to cooking recipes due to their fresh flavor and texture. They can be incorporated into many dishes or used as garnishes for extra flavor combinations and visual appeal.

When using microgreens in your meal ideas, start with small amounts until you get accustomed to their unique flavors. For example, adding just one tablespoon of microgreen on top of a soup can make all the difference in terms of presentation and taste! Whether it’s sprinkling them onto salads or blending them into smoothies, there are endless possibilities when it comes to experimenting with different types of microgreens.

Including microgreens into meals is an easy way to boost nutrition while bringing color and life to any dish! With so much variety available, from peppery radish greens to nutty sunflower shoots, cooks can explore new flavor profiles depending on what type they choose.

Microgreens bring a bright and vibrant touch to everyday meals; plus, they don’t require too much effort when preparing! Their versatility makes them great additions for both savory and sweet dishes alike — ready for experimentation by even novice chefs! Now let’s move on to discussing harvesting and storage techniques…

Harvesting And Storage

Microgreens are harvested with a sharp knife or scissors, snipping off the stems at soil level. The harvesting process should take place in the morning when their flavor and nutrient content is highest. Thereafter, they must be stored carefully to maximize shelf life.

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Harvesting Techniques Storage Techniques
Sharp Knife/Scissors Refrigeration
Morning Drying
Soil Level Containers

Refrigeration is one of the most common methods for storing microgreens at home as it preserves them for up to two weeks. If you wish to keep your microgreens longer, drying methods may also be used, such as air-drying on paper towels or dehydrating in an oven set to low heat. However, this technique will diminish some of the nutritional value of the greens so should only be done if refrigerating isn’t possible. Properly storing containers such as mason jars with lids can help ensure that your microgreen care remains optimal and prevent moisture buildup which could cause spoilage.

For best results, use your harvested microgreens within a few days after cutting them – although properly stored greens can last much longer than that! Following these storage techniques ensures that you get maximum flavor out of every batch while preserving its valuable nutrients.


We’ve explored the many ways microgreens can be used to improve our daily diets and lives. They are easy to grow, have a wide variety of flavors and textures, as well as nutritional benefits that make them an ideal addition to any meal. From salads to smoothies, stir-fries to sandwiches – microgreens offer something for everyone.

When it comes down to it, adding microgreens into your diet is not only fun but also incredibly healthy! With so many different kinds available, you’re sure to find one or two that fit perfectly with your own palate and lifestyle. So why not give them a try? You won’t regret it!

Microgreens may seem like a small thing, but they can actually have a huge impact on how we eat and live our lives. If you’re looking for a simple way to add nutrition and flavor into your day-to-day meals – look no further than these tiny edible greens!

Kathy Turner
Kathy Turnerhttps://mastermicrogreens.com/
Kathy Turner is the founder of MasterMicrogreens.com, a popular blog dedicated to helping people become master microgreen growers. Kathy is passionate about helping others learn how to grow the healthiest, most nutrient-rich microgreens. She believes that with the right knowledge and resources, anyone can become a successful microgreen grower. Learn more about Kathy by viewing her full Author Profile.

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